Backpain Risk Calculator

The Keele STarT Back Screening Tool ( is used to profile individual risk of developing chronic low back pain. This tool was the innovation of Keele University.


Keele University, Arthritis Research UK and their affiliates designed the STarT Back Screening Tool (Tool) for use by health care providers.  The Tool was designed to be used by clinicians to aid the clinical reasoning processes of a health care practitioner, including consideration of Red Flags.

Whilst any development of the STarT Back App (App) can be used by the general public, the Tool was not designed for use by the general public and the results should be interpreted in consultation with a health care practitioner.

Validity of the Tool has been established for paper versions of the questionnaire, not for the electronic versions in the App.  Users are referred to the App bibliography for scientific papers relating to validity and utility of the Tool.

Keele University and Arthritis Research UK do not endorse or recommend any of the service providers or third parties who may support or develop the App or the Tool in any way.

How bad is your lower back pain or sciatica?

Has your back pain spread down your leg(s) at some time in the last 2 weeks?
Have you had pain in the shoulder or neck at some time in the last 2 weeks?
Have you only walked short distances because of your back pain?
In the last 2 weeks, have you dressed more slowly than usual because of back pain?
Do you think it’s not really safe for a person with a condition like yours to be physically active?
Have worrying thoughts been going through your mind a lot of the time?
Do you feel that your back pain is terrible and it’s never going to get any better?
In general have you stopped enjoying all the things you usually enjoy?
Overall, how bothersome has your back pain been in the last 2 weeks?

The Results

LowRisk Rating


Total Physical Score
Total Psychological Score
Total Overall Score